Embracing Different Worlds: An Overview of TTRPG Genres and Rulesets

Isabella-Viktoria Helm
June 15, 2023

The world of tabletop role-playing games (TTRPGs), fondly known as the predecessor to video game consoles, is a vast and colourful space brimming with possibilities. TTRPGs encourage character development, player interaction, and engagement with fictional worlds in a way that even the best single-player RPGs or most popular video game genres struggle to replicate.

Genres in the World of TTRPGs

Like their video game and computer RPG counterparts, tabletop roleplaying games come in a multitude of RPG genres, each catering to different player preferences and styles of play.


Fantasy remains the most popular genre in both tabletop and computer RPGs. The iconic "Dungeons & Dragons" is the gold standard, originally released to bring fantasy elements from novels into the realm of role-playing. The Game Master (often called Dungeon Master in this game) guides the player characters through epic quests, dangerous dungeons, and interaction with non-player characters. Advanced Dungeons & Dragons, a more sophisticated version, has also played a major role in shaping the genre.


In the realm of science fiction, games like "Star Wars RPG" and "Star Trek Adventures" immerse players in worlds of advanced technology and interstellar travel. Players create characters using character sheets, defining roles and abilities which, in these games, often involve piloting spacecraft, or handling alien technologies.


TTRPGs also encompass the horror genre, integrating supernatural and horror elements to create tense and chilling atmospheres. Games such as "Call of Cthulhu" have successfully brought Lovecraftian horror to the gaming table, where Game Masters dole out the suspense and fear with a careful hand.

Game Systems and Mechanics

Different tabletop RPGs use different game systems and mechanics, defining how players interact with the game and the fictional world. Dice rolls are common in most RPGs, from traditional six-sided dice to more complex polyhedral sets. The result of these rolls, often guided by the character's abilities or circumstances, dictate the success or failure of character actions.

Systems like D20, used by "Dungeons & Dragons", are arguably the most known. Other games, like "World of Darkness", use a pool of ten-sided dice. Games like "FATE" prioritize narrative control, giving players more control over the outcome and the story. Some systems focus heavily on character archetypes, while others are more free-form, allowing extensive character design.

A game's success often relies heavily on how well these systems support role playing, character development, and immersion in the game world. In a game session, Game Masters (or Dungeon Masters) guide the action, narrate the world's response to player actions, and control non-player characters. Players describe their characters' actions, react to the Game Master's descriptions, and together, they weave an ongoing story.

The Rising Popularity of TTRPGs

Tabletop roleplaying games have experienced a resurgence in pop culture, with shows like "Stranger Things" and "Critical Role" demonstrating the communal storytelling and immersive experiences these games provide. They're a breath of fresh air, a return to the origin of role-playing, in contrast to the digital RPGs played on mainframe computers or modern consoles.

Regardless of the genre or game system, the heart of a TTRPG lies in its ability to let players embody characters in a fictional world. This level of immersion and creative control is what sets TTRPGs apart from other games. Whether you're a veteran of the gaming table or looking to start playing, there's a universe of great RPGs, even some of the best RPGs and best tabletop RPGs, waiting to be explored.

From the days of pen and paper to the complex game systems of today, the spirit of role-playing has remained consistent: collective storytelling, character development, and the thrill of embodying heroes and adventurers. So whether you choose to enter a dungeon with guns blazing, negotiate with alien races in the same world as Star Trek, or unravel eldritch mysteries, remember that the true charm of a tabletop role-playing game lies in the journey, the camaraderie, and the stories you create.


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